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Things to know about menstruation

Menstruation is bleeding from the vagina that happens about once a month, as a normal part of the menstrual cycle. It is also known as having a period.
During this cycle, your hormones make the lining of the uterus become thicker, getting ready in case of pregnancy. Hormones also cause an egg to be released from an ovary, which is known as
Menstruation also termed period or bleeding is the process in a woman of discharging (through the vagina) blood and other materials from the lining of the uterus at about one monthly interval from puberty until
menopause (ceasing of regular menstrual cycles), except during pregnancy.
This discharging process lasts about 3-5 days.

Signs and symptoms of menstruation

Beside the bleeding, other signs and symptoms of menstruation may include headache , acne,
bloating , pains in the low abdomen, tiredness ,
mood changes , food cravings, breast soreness, and diarrhea .

The menstrual cycle is the hormonal driven cycle; Day 1 is the first day of your period (bleeding) while day 14 is the approximate day you ovulate and if an egg is not fertilized, hormone levels eventually drop and at about day 25; the egg begins to dissolve and the cycle begins again with the period at about day 30. Menstruation begins day 1 and normally ends days 3-5 of the menstrual cycle.

How long does a period last?

The menstrual cycle is the hormonal driven cycle.
Day 1 is the first day of your period (bleeding) while day 14 is the approximate day you ovulate and if an egg is not fertilized, hormone levels eventually drop and at about day 25. The egg then begins to dissolve and the cycle begins again with the period at about day 30.
Most periods vary somewhat, the flow may be light, moderate or heavy and can vary in length from about 2 to 7 days; with age, the cycle usually shortens and becomes more regular.

What is the treatment for pain and other symptoms caused by menstruation?

Treatment for the causes of menstrual pain depend on what the cause is, and may include
birth control pills , heavy or prolonged periods, IUDs, noninflammatory steroid drugs ( NSAIDs ), for example, ibuprofen ( Advil ), aspirin , naproxen (Aleve ), and other-the-counter pain ๎˜‚ (OTC) medications to relive pain and cramping.

Women should change the pad/tampon before it becomes soaked with blood (about every 4 to 8 hours); follow directions on the box to help avoid
TSS (toxic shock syndrome), a potentially deadly disease. Call your doctor or other health professional if you have any abnormalities in your period, for example, excessive bleeding, no periods, severe pain, fever with tampon use, sudden irregularities, and other problems.


Spotting refers to very light vaginal bleeding or brown discharge that occurs between menstrual periods. The menstrual period (menstrual cycle, periods) refers to the monthly vaginal bleeding that is experienced by women of reproductive age (and ovulate). Most women know that their period is approaching.

Similar signs and symptoms of periods and spotting include bloating and cramps in the pelvic area. Signs and symptoms of spotting that are different from periods include slight weight gain and tender breasts.
Signs and symptoms of periods that do not occur in spotting include pain and/or burning during sex or while urination and vaginal redness, itching, or discharge.

If you donโ€™t become pregnant , your periods start about two weeks after you ovulate. The lining of the uterus falls away and, along with some blood, flows out through the vagina. Periods can be light or heavy, and the blood can range from bright red to dark brown. You might also notice small clots.
When do girls start their period?
Girls have their first period during puberty. Most often that is around the age 12 or 13 years old, but girls can start menstruating as young as 9, or as late as 16.
bleeding. When you menstruate, your body sheds the lining of the uterus (womb). Menstrual blood flows from the uterus through the small opening in the cervix and passes out of the body through the vagina. Most menstrual periods last from 3 to 5 days.
How long do periods last?
Menstruation affects every woman, but the experience can differ between women. When periods (menstruations) come regularly, this is called the menstrual cycle. Having regular menstrual cycles is a sign that important parts of your body are working normally. The menstrual cycle provides important body chemicals, called hormones, to keep you healthy. It also prepares your body for pregnancy each month. A cycle is counted from the first day of 1 period to the first day of the next period. The average menstrual cycle is 28 days long. Cycles can range anywhere from 21 to 35 days in adults and from 21 to 45 days in young teens . The rise and fall of levels of hormones during the month control the menstrual cycle.
What are the signs and symptoms of menstration?
Some women get symptoms leading up to and during menstruation, for example, cramps or pains low in the abdomen, bloating or swelling in the abdomen, constipation before your period, diarhrea when your period starts, acne ๎˜ƒ , tiredeness, and mood changes.

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